One of the oldest geocentric solar system models discovered in Armenia
In the 1950s, archaeologists discovered the unique bronze model of the solar system dated back 12-11th centuries BCE in the Sevan basin in Armenia. This is one of the oldest geocentric solar system models preserved nowadays. The artifact is currently housed at the History Museum of Armenia.
Inside the circles at the bottom, there is a symbol of hatchet, which symbolizes the Earth in astronomy. Around this hatchet, one can see two circles; presumably, one stands for the sphere of water and the other for the atmosphere surrounding the Earth. The Sun is above them all.
Similar to the majority of the other ancient models of the solar system, the Armenian sample is also geocentric. However, notable that thousand years ago, inhabitants of Armenia depicted the Earth as a circle, not flat. They placed Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the Moon between the Earth and the Sun. All these celestial bodies are visible to the naked eye.
This artifact and all astronomical petroglyphs prove that Armenian people had broad and truthful knowledge about the Earth, the Moon, and the Universe.